In summer 2013 a massive 50-foot magnet made its way from Brookhaven, New York to FermiLab in Batavia. The 5 day and 3200 mile journey was the first step in the Muon g-2 Experiment.
One year later, the Muon g-2 moved into it’s new home, a building perfectly outfitted to house the magnet.
And now, its been powered up and researchers are prepping it for the final experiment.
“It’s a super exciting time for us because we finally are looking at the magnets performance and get it into shape so that its ready for physics in 2017,” said Researcher on the Muon g-2 Experiment, Brendan Kilburg.
Currently, the Muon g-2 team is working to regulate the magnetic field within the magnet to one-one billionth, in order to detect the spin of a Muon, a small particle.
“What we are doing is we are measuring the magnetic moment of the Muon and the way we do that is we have a magnetic field and we measure the vibrations on that magnetic field caused by that Muon particle, a single particle, it’s really small, and it’s a really, really, really small vibration. So you need to know the field very precisely in order to know what the Muon does to the field,” said the Insulation and Integration Manager on the project, Aria Soha.
This testing will lead up to the main purpose of moving the magnet, discovering new particles in the universe.
“We are trying to get a basic understanding of the building blocks of nature. We have a lot of hints that there should be new particles out there that we haven’t seen yet and now we are looking here to see if we can see them here,” said Kilburg.
The final experiment is slated to start in 2017, and will take 3, nine month long tests to determine the measurement of a Muon and if new particles are found.
“This is a really unique experiment in the sense that we are guaranteed a result so at the end of our three years of data taking we will have measured the magnetic moment of the Muon to some precision, and that’s going to be fantastic and what we set out to do, mission accomplished. The more exciting thing is that if that number is different from what theorists tell us it should be then there is something really interesting in the physics going on,” said Soha.
That interesting phenomenon in physics could mean something big for the scientific community.
“That is essentially why we are doing this, to discover new physics. We understand a great deal about the physical world around us but we know there is more and so that is really the goal and that’s why I’m in this field is that we might be apart of something new and something revolutionary. In the past hundred years or so there have been enormous strides in physics and so to be a part of that, well that’s a life goal,” said Researcher on the Muon g-2 Experiment, Joe Grange.
Naperville News 17’s Natalie Vitale Reports
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