One of the most influential books in the latter part of the 18th century was Adam Smiths, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations.
Smith was born in Kirkcaldy, Scotland, near Edinburgh in 1723. Although he did not invent economics, Smith certainly gave the world its first synoptic vision of the playing field of political economics. As Robert Heilbroner noted: After The Wealth of Nations, men began to see the world about themselves with new eyes. They saw how the tasks they did interfaced with society and that society as a whole was proceeding toward a distant but clearly visible goal.